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Zgodovina vojskovanja

Zgodovina vojskovanja « Back

John Keegan
Obseg: 350 strani / vezava: mehka, šivana / leto izida: 2005
ISBN: 961-235-188-0

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Keeganova knjiga ima značaj temeljnega dela, saj prinaša celovit pogled na vse merodajne prvine vojskovanja: psihološko, sociološko, arheološko, tehnološko, genetsko, logistično ter taktično in strateško.

Avtor je med najbolj znanimi, zagotovo pa najbolj izvirnimi in branimi strokovnjaki za vojaške veščine in kulturo vojskovanja. Tematiko obravnava na eni strani v časovnem zaporedju, na drugi pa kot prikaz civilizacijskega razvoja. Zanima ga vloga vojne kot zgodovinske stalnice ter prav tako razumevanje njene vloge v različnih civilizacijah: zahodni, islamski, judovski, kitajski, japonski, mongolski ter azteški in inkovski. Knjiga je hkrati sinteza zahodne filozofske in vojaške tradicije ter primerjalna analiza kulturnih doktrin in praks omenjenih civilizacij.

»Tema Keeganove knjige je evolutivni razvoj vojne. Začne s prikazom ti. "primitivne vojne", ki pozna zmernost in samoomejevanje ter načine, kako sebi in svojim sovražnikom prihrani najhujše, kar je mogoče povzročiti. Konča s prikazom moderne vojne, ki v dvajsetem stoletju postane tako skrajna in neizprosna do vseh kategorij prebivalstva. Tema knjige je tudi vojna kot kultura, ki najbolj določa naravo vojskovanja: od azijsko-orientalske kulture, za katero je značilno zavlačevanje, izmikanje in posrednost, do zahodne, ki je uvedla spopad iz oči v oči do smrti. S to kulturo so začeli antični Grki, jo prevzeli Rimljani, kasneje tevtonska plemena in končno vse zahodne države. Pomembno si je zapomniti naslednje: Keegan pravi, da si je v letih po Clausewitzu Zahod s svojim načinom vojskovanja podredil skoraj ves svet in druge kulture. Toda zahodni način vojskovanja je svojo pravo naravo – uničujočo in neusmiljeno – pokazal prav v vojnah, ki so jih Zahodnjaki vojskovali med seboj. Prva in druga svetovna vojna ter kasnejša iznajdba jedrskega orožja so verjetno dokončno ovrgle maksimo, da vojna je ali naj bi bila nadaljevanje politike z drugimi sredstvi. Po uporabi vsega jedrskega orožja politika ne bi bila več možna, ker ne bi bilo več ljudi. To pomeni, da je danes treba zavrniti stališče, da sta politika in vojna nerazdružno povezani.«

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