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Plačilnobilančni in podjetniški vidiki kapitalskih prilivov v Slovenijo: slabosti prevelike naslonitve na dolžniške vire v pogojih krize / Analize CMO 6

Plačilnobilančni in podjetniški vidiki kapitalskih prilivov v Slovenijo: slabosti prevelike naslonitve na dolžniške vire v pogojih krize / Analize CMO 6 « Back

Mojmir Mrak, Matija Rojec, Marko Simoneti
Obseg: 72 strani / vezava: e knjiga / leto izida: 2010

Finančna in splošna gospodarska kriza vzbuja pomisleke o obstoječih strukturnih, sistemskih in institucionalnih značilnostih ter vzorcih obnašanja v slovenskem gospodarstvu. Rastoče zadolževanje v tujini in težave podjetniškega sektorja pri pridobivanju sredstev za financiranje svoje dejavnosti sta med najbolj očitnimi problemi, ki jih je izpostavila kriza in ki kažeta, da je financiranje dinamične gospodarske rasti prek dodatnega zadolževanja domačih bank v tujini lahko zelo tvegano. Ker so se s kratkoročnimi dolžniškimi viri iz tujine financirali tvegani in dolgoročni projekti slovenskih podjetij tako doma kot v tujini, so se v domačem gospodarstvu akumulirala velika tveganja. Druge hitro rastoče države so pri financiranju razvoja iz tujine namesto bank v večji meri uporabljale strateške in portfeljske investitorje. To je v finančni krizi pomenilo manjšo finančno izpostavljenost podjetij do bank v težavah. Portfeljski investitorji v delnice in strateški lastniki iz tujine pa so tudi sami morali nositi svoj del tveganj zaradi poslabšanja poslovanja.

Avtorji v monografiji razvijajo argument, da je v Sloveniji treba ustvariti razmere, ki bodo podjetjem omogočale, da presežejo sedanjo veliko naslonjenost na dolžniške vire financiranja in bodo lahko izbirala med različnimi načini financiranja. Slovenska podjetja se ne bi smela odpovedovati dinamičnemu razvoju in investicijskim priložnostim za širitev doma ter v tujini samo zato, ker nimajo ustreznih možnosti za financiranje tovrstnih projektov prek domačih bank. Tudi domače možnosti lastniškega financiranja so trenutno zelo omejene, zato gre predvsem za vprašanje, kako pritegniti zadosten obseg trajnih lastniških virov financiranja iz tujine. Pri tem se osredotočamo na značilnosti, determinante, ovire in potrebne ukrepe za pritegnitev portfeljskih in neposrednih tuji investicij.

 

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