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Women in Politics in Western Balkan Countries

Women in Politics in Western Balkan Countries « Back

Elena Nacevska
Obseg: 330 strani / trda vezava / leto izida: 2018
ISBN: 9789612358464

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Knjiga 'Ženske v politiki v državah Zahodnega Balkana' (Women in Politics in Western Balkan Countries) prinaša komparativno analizo treh izbranih študijev primerov (tranzicijskih držav) Zahodnega Balkana (Makedonija, Srbija in Hrvaška) s ciljem pojasniti vzroke za nizko prisotnost žensk v strukturah političnega odločanja.

V knjigi je posebna pozornost posvečena predvsem prisotnosti žensk v politiki, vpliv družbeno-gospodarskih, kulturnih in institucionalnih dejavnikov na položaj žensk v javni in zasebni sferi kakor tudi vpliv procesov globalizacije in evropeizacije na pozitivne premike v teh državah.

Izhajajoč iz ustrezno izbranih teoretičnih konceptov, kot so: prisotnost, spol, konstruktivizem in teorije institucionalizma racionalnih volitev, kulturološki koncept ... knjiga je usmerjena k raziskovanju vplivov, vzročno-posledičnih zvez in moči določenih dejavnikov na prisotnosti žensk v politiki v treh državah Zahodnega Balkana. Prav tako se v knjigi pri proučevanju tranzicijskega prehoda iz socializma/postsocializma k demokraciji uporablja dinamičen pristop proučevanja sprememb v družbeno-političnem kontekstu. V obsežno poglobljeno analizo so predstavljene kompleksne povezanosti institucionalnih, družbeno-gospodarskih in kulturnih dejavnikov.

Čeprav so posocialistične države uvedle številne demokratične institucije pa se družbena neenakost še vedno izraža (med drugim tudi) v neenaki zastopanostjo obeh spolov v političnem življenju. Te države se v veliki meri soočajo s problemi uvajanja in še posebej dejanskega delovanja mehanizmov zagotavljanja enakih možnosti, katere priporočajo ali celo zahtevajo mednarodne organizacije kot so npr. SE, OVSE, OZN in EU. V teh državah je treba sprejeti ukrepe za odpravo tradicionalnih predstav o družbenih vlogah moških in žensk, z namenom preseganja prevladujočih stereotipov, ki so tudi glavne ovire pri vključevanju žensk v politiko.

 

The book 'Women in Politics in Western Balkans Countries' provides a comparative analysis of three selected case studies (transition countries) of the Western Balkans (Macedonia, Serbia and Croatia) in addition of explaining the reasons for lower presence of women in decision making structures.

The book focuses on the women’s political presence, the impact of socio-economic, cultural and institutional factors on the position of women in public/private spheres, as well as the impact of globalisation and Europeanisation processes on the positive changes in these countries.

Based on the selected theoretical concepts, such as: the concept of presence, gender equality concept, the constructivist concept, rational choice institutionalism, cultural concept ... the book is focused on researching the impact, and causal connection between certain factors of inluence on women’s political presence in the three countries of the Western Balkans.

While elaborating the shift from socialism/post-socialism to democracy, a dynamic approach of analysing changes in the socio-political context is used. With a comprehensive in-depth analysis, in the book is presented the complex relation among institutional, socio-economic and cultural factors.

Even the post-socialist countries have introduced many democratic changes, still, gender inequality is evident (among other) in the political life. These countries are facing with difficults while introducing changes, and more over, this is remarkable in the way of effective functioning of equal opportunities mechanisms, which are recommended, or even required, by the international organizations such as COE, OSCE, UN and EU. In these countries, it is necessary to be applied special measures for eliminating the traditional perceptions regarding gender roles between men and women in order to overcome the prevailing stereotypes and negative public attitude, which are the main obstacles for inclusion of women in politics.

 

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